Tobacco and Poverty

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Photo By: Rob Port

Photo By: Rob Port

This post was written by Francisco J. Quintana (Legal Intern from Universidad
Torcuato Di Tella) and Paula Avila Guillen (Institute Associate)
of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law. Any questions or comments about this post can be directed to fjq2@law.georgetown.edu or pa390@law.georgetown.edu.

            Significant advances have been made and continue to be made in international tobacco control, yet more policy attention should be paid to the link between tobacco consumption and poverty. Though overall tobacco consumption is decreasing in the developed world, it is increasing in developing countries[1]. While middle and upper classes are now more protected from the effects of tobacco, lower classes remain unprotected. Tobacco control policies, with emphasis on the link between tobacco consumption and poverty, need to be designed and enforced.

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Professor Gostin Chairs and Co-Authors National Academy Report on Dangers of Fake Drugs

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gostinsydA committee formed by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), National Academy of Science, and chaired by O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law Faculty Director and Georgetown University Law Center Professor Lawrence Gostin has issued a new report, “Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs,” which offers recommendations to the United States and globally on protecting citizens against the health risks posed by illegitimate medications.

The full release can be viewed here: http://www.law.georgetown.edu/oneillinstitute/documents/GostinNationalAcademyPressRelease.pdf

Check out the NPR report featuring Professor Gostin as well: http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/02/13/171923516/report-action-needed-to-curb-fake-and-substandard-drugs.


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O’Neill Law Fellows – Applications Open for Fall 2013

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law fellows announcementThe O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law is  seeking exceptionally qualified candidates to serve as O’Neill Institute Law Fellows. Housed at Georgetown University Law Center in Washington,  D.C., the O’Neill Institute is a leading research institute for health  law. For more details about O’Neill and its ongoing work please visit www.oneillinstitute.org.

Law Fellows are based at the O’Neill Institute and report to the O’Neill Executive Director and Faculty Director.  Fellows work on academic legal research and scholarly projects.  Duties include working closely with faculty to produce scholarly works for publication, in some cases leading to joint publication.  Allocation of time is primarily determined by O’Neill Institute faculty needs; additionally, limited time may be allocated to independent research and O’Neill Institute projects. 

Fellowship terms are one year, with possible extension to two years, and will begin in Fall 2013.  Fellows receive an annual salary of $65,000 with outstanding benefits.

Candidates must have a J.D. degree (or the equivalent), exceptional academic credentials including publications, and health law-related research interests in areas like public health law, global health law, domestic health care law, empirical studies, regulatory impacts on health, health and human rights.  Successful candidates will have knowledge and/or experience in aspects of national and/or global health law and ethics.  A post-graduate degree (M.P.H., LL.M.) or significant work experience is preferred.

Applications must include: CV, cover letter, writing sample, professional references, official law school transcripts and other graduate school transcripts (if applicable).  The application deadline is Friday, February 22, 2013.  Any questions about the position should be directed to oneillinstitute@law.georgetown.edu.

You can also download the PDF of this posting.

APPLICATION DEADLINE: Friday, February 22, 2013

Read more and apply HERE


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Implementing the Affordable Care Act: Where are States on the 2014 Market Reforms?

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ACA country people

Photo By: Adam Cole/NPR

This post was written by Katie Keith, Assistant Research Professor, Georgetown University Health Policy Institute Center on Health Insurance Reforms.  Any questions or comments about this post can be directed to kmk82@georgetown.edu. 

With many of the legal and political challenges to the Affordable Care Act now over, all eyes will be on the states as they turn to implementing (or not implementing) many of the law’s most significant reforms. In a recent issue brief for the Commonwealth Fund, my colleagues and I studied state progress on implementing seven of the Affordable Care Act’s most critical consumer protections.

The issue brief is part of an ongoing series by CHIR on implementation of the Affordable Care Act in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, and follows our previous studies on state implementation of the early market reforms (which include new consumer protections such as dependent coverage up to age 26 and the coverage of preventive services without cost-sharing) and the availability of child-only coverage.

What does the Affordable Care Act do? The Affordable Care Act includes numerous consumer protections designed to improve the accessibility, adequacy, and affordability of private health insurance. Beginning in 2014, the law ushers in significant changes for insurers that sell coverage in the individual and small group markets, both inside and outside of the exchange. These protections include guaranteed issue; restrictions on the factors that insurers can consider when setting premiums; a prohibition on preexisting condition exclusions; coverage of a defined set of essential health benefits; and limits on out-of-pocket costs for consumers; among others. Read More

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New avenue for Litigating the Right to Health – Optional Protocol to the ICESCR comes into force

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This post was written by Oscar A. Cabrera, Eric Friedman, and Brian Honermann, all from the O’Neill Institute.

On 5 February, 2013, Uruguay – following quickly on the heels of Portugal – became the 10th country to ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). In accordance with article 18(1) of the Optional Protocol, this means the Optional Protocol will come into force on 5 May, 2013.

The Optional Protocol empowers the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (CESCR) to receive communications (complaints) from individuals or groups of individuals claiming to be victims of violations of their rights as protected by the ICESCR against countries who have ratified the Optional Protocol. As it stands, these are: Argentina, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mongolia, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, and Uruguay. In addition, under Articles 10 and 11, ratifying countries may permit the CESCR to receive inter-state complaints against the country and to conduct inquiries into allegations of grave or systemic violations of economic, social, or cultural rights by a state party. Thus far, only El Salvador and Portugal have acceded to these procedures.

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The views reflected in this blog are those of the individual authors and do not necessarily represent those of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law or Georgetown University. This blog is solely informational in nature, and not intended as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed and retained attorney in your state or country.

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